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Production of Jet Fuel Intermediates from Biomass Platform Compounds via Aldol Condensation Reaction Over Iron-Modified MCM-41 Lewis Acid Zeolite

  • Received Date: 2020-04-20
    Accepted Date: 2020-06-14
    Fund Project:

    This study was financially supported by National Key R&D Program of China (No. 2018YFB1501601), National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51676178), Transformational Technologies for Clean Energy and Demonstration, and Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (No. XDA 21060101).

  • Liquid fuel intermediates could be produced via aldol condensation reaction between furfural or 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) and acetone. It was found that iron-modified MCM-41 zeolite can be an effective Lewis acid catalyst for C—C bond formation via aldol condensation of furfural or HMF with acetone. The 4-(2-furyl)-3-buten-2-one and 1, 5-di-2-furanyl-1, 4-pentadien-3-one (FAc and F2Ac), or 1, 5-di-2-furanyl-1, 4-pentadien-3-one and 1, 5-bis[(5-hydroxlmethyl)-2-furanyl]-1, 4-pentadien-3-one (HAc and H2Ac), as two main condensation products of furfural with acetone or HMF with acetone, were observed. After 24 h at 160 ℃, 86.9% conversion of furfural with 60.0% yield of the FAc as well as 7.5% yield of the F2Ac and 88.9% conversion of the HMF with 41.1% yield of the HAc as well as 3.5% yield of the H2Ac were achieved. Although furfural or HMF conversion was almost same after 24 h at 160 ℃, iron-modified MCM-41 zeolite catalyst displayed an enhanced selectivity to condensation products of furfural with acetone. In addition, catalysts showed an improved selectivity to the F2Ac and H2Ac at higher reaction temperature. The reusability and regeneration studies showed that iron-modified MCM-41 zeolite catalyst could not be reused directly, but could be regenerated by calcination in air, and the catalytic performance of regenerated catalyst was acceptable.
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Production of Jet Fuel Intermediates from Biomass Platform Compounds via Aldol Condensation Reaction Over Iron-Modified MCM-41 Lewis Acid Zeolite

  • a Laboratory of Basic Research in Biomass Conversion and Utilization, Department of Thermal Science and Energy Engineering, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026, China;
  • b College of Materials and Energy, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou 510642, China;
  • c Anhui Bengbu No. 2 high school, Bengbu 233000, China
Fund Project:  This study was financially supported by National Key R&D Program of China (No. 2018YFB1501601), National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51676178), Transformational Technologies for Clean Energy and Demonstration, and Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (No. XDA 21060101).

Abstract: Liquid fuel intermediates could be produced via aldol condensation reaction between furfural or 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) and acetone. It was found that iron-modified MCM-41 zeolite can be an effective Lewis acid catalyst for C—C bond formation via aldol condensation of furfural or HMF with acetone. The 4-(2-furyl)-3-buten-2-one and 1, 5-di-2-furanyl-1, 4-pentadien-3-one (FAc and F2Ac), or 1, 5-di-2-furanyl-1, 4-pentadien-3-one and 1, 5-bis[(5-hydroxlmethyl)-2-furanyl]-1, 4-pentadien-3-one (HAc and H2Ac), as two main condensation products of furfural with acetone or HMF with acetone, were observed. After 24 h at 160 ℃, 86.9% conversion of furfural with 60.0% yield of the FAc as well as 7.5% yield of the F2Ac and 88.9% conversion of the HMF with 41.1% yield of the HAc as well as 3.5% yield of the H2Ac were achieved. Although furfural or HMF conversion was almost same after 24 h at 160 ℃, iron-modified MCM-41 zeolite catalyst displayed an enhanced selectivity to condensation products of furfural with acetone. In addition, catalysts showed an improved selectivity to the F2Ac and H2Ac at higher reaction temperature. The reusability and regeneration studies showed that iron-modified MCM-41 zeolite catalyst could not be reused directly, but could be regenerated by calcination in air, and the catalytic performance of regenerated catalyst was acceptable.

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