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Xiaohan Wang, Jinwon Jang, Yanqun Su, Jingang Liu, Hongjie Zhang, Zhibin He, Yonghao Ni. Starting materials, processes and characteristics of bio-based foams: A review[J]. Journal of Bioresources and Bioproducts. doi: 10.1016/j.jobab.2024.01.004
Citation: Xiaohan Wang, Jinwon Jang, Yanqun Su, Jingang Liu, Hongjie Zhang, Zhibin He, Yonghao Ni. Starting materials, processes and characteristics of bio-based foams: A review[J]. Journal of Bioresources and Bioproducts. doi: 10.1016/j.jobab.2024.01.004

Starting materials, processes and characteristics of bio-based foams: A review

doi: 10.1016/j.jobab.2024.01.004

The authors are grateful to the financial support from National Key Research and Development Plan (No. 2017YFB0307901), the Canada Research Chairs program of the Government of Canada (No. CRC950213262), and the Discovery Program of the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (No. RGPIN-2022-03210).

  • Available Online: 2024-01-31
  • Biofoam products have attracted considerable attention lately because there is a growing demand for green/sustainable products. To this end, various biobased foams have either been developed or are currently in development, e.g., bio-based polyurethanes (PUs), polylactic acid (PLA), starch, and polyhydroxyalkanotates (PHAs). Indeed, significant progress has been made; however, challenges still persist, for example, biobased foam products have poor processability, inferior compatibility, thermal and strength properties. In this review, we focus on five biofoam products: namely bio-based PUs, PLA, starch, PHAs, and cellulose biofoam products, along with their properties and performance, as well as their manufacturing processes. Further efforts are still needed to unlock the full potential of these bio-based products and meet the goal of complementing and gradually replacing some of their fossil-based counterparts. Finally, the challenges, as well as arising opportunities of future research directions are discussed.


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