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Prince Hotor, Ahmed H. Hassanin, Osbert Akatwijuka, Mohamed A.H. Gepreel, Mitsuo Yamamoto, Yukie Saito, Ahmed Abdel-Mawgood. Evaluating mechanism of banana pseudo-stem retting using seawater: A cost-effective surface pre-treatment approach[J]. Journal of Bioresources and Bioproducts. doi: 10.1016/j.jobab.2024.04.002
Citation: Prince Hotor, Ahmed H. Hassanin, Osbert Akatwijuka, Mohamed A.H. Gepreel, Mitsuo Yamamoto, Yukie Saito, Ahmed Abdel-Mawgood. Evaluating mechanism of banana pseudo-stem retting using seawater: A cost-effective surface pre-treatment approach[J]. Journal of Bioresources and Bioproducts. doi: 10.1016/j.jobab.2024.04.002

Evaluating mechanism of banana pseudo-stem retting using seawater: A cost-effective surface pre-treatment approach

doi: 10.1016/j.jobab.2024.04.002
  • Available Online: 2024-04-20
  • Retting has been employed to extract natural fibers from agricultural wastes as a biological and cost-effective approach for centuries. With its global abundance, banana pseudo-stem is a promising agro-waste for lignocellulosic fiber extraction. In this study, fibers were extracted from the pseudo-stems after being pre-treated under four conditions using seawater at room temperature for up to 35 d Bacterial isolation from the fresh seawater sample and screening for ligninolytic ability were conducted. Bacterial load as well as laccase and manganese peroxidase enzyme activity profile assay during the retting duration were analyzed. Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) and X-day diffraction (XRD) analyses were also examined for both pre-treated and untreated extracted fibers. The results shows that six out of the eight bacterial isolates had the ability to degrade lignin. The treatments (Raw stem + Raw seawater) and (Autoclaved stem + Raw seawater) recorded the highest viable bacterial load of 9.24 × 102 and 4.46 × 102 CFU, respectively, on the 14th day of the retting process. Additionally, the highest laccase and manganese peroxidase enzymes activity was recorded for (Raw stem + Raw seawater) and (Autoclaved stem + Raw seawater) treatments in the second to the third week. The FT-IR spectra of the pre-treated fibers revealed relative reductions in peaks attributed to polysaccharides and other amorphous substances for all retting conditions. The XRD diffractogram revealed that the crystallinity index (CI) of pre-treated fibers increased in all seawater retting treatment conditions. However, the CI for fibers pre-treated under enzymatic conditions were enhanced even after five weeks. Sequence analysis for selected bacterial isolates showed homology to sequences of Bacillus velezensis, Shewanella sp. L8–5, and Citrobacter amalonaticus and Bacillus subtilis j8 strain. From these findings, it was suggested that physical, biological, and chemical actions were collectively involved in the seawater retting process of banana pseudo-stems.

     

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