Volume 7 Issue 3
Jul.  2022
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Taku Michael Aida, Yasuaki Kumagai, Smith Jr Richard Lee. Mechanism of selective hydrolysis of alginates under hydrothermal conditions[J]. Journal of Bioresources and Bioproducts, 2022, 7(3): 173-179. doi: 10.1016/j.jobab.2022.04.001
Citation: Taku Michael Aida, Yasuaki Kumagai, Smith Jr Richard Lee. Mechanism of selective hydrolysis of alginates under hydrothermal conditions[J]. Journal of Bioresources and Bioproducts, 2022, 7(3): 173-179. doi: 10.1016/j.jobab.2022.04.001

Mechanism of selective hydrolysis of alginates under hydrothermal conditions

doi: 10.1016/j.jobab.2022.04.001
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  • Corresponding author: E-mail address: aida@fukuoka-u.ac.jp (T.M. Aida)
  • Received Date: 2022-03-23
  • Accepted Date: 2022-04-23
  • Rev Recd Date: 2022-04-20
  • Available Online: 2022-05-04
  • Publish Date: 2022-07-31
  • Mechanisms of selective hydrolysis of alginates under hydrothermal conditions were investigated by comparing reactivities of sodium alginate (Na-ALG, 960 ku) solutions and calcium alginate (Ca-ALG) gels as substrates. Under hydrothermal conditions (150 ℃), hydrolysis of Na-ALG gave product molecular weights of 223, 66, 26 and 17 ku while those of Ca-ALG gave product molecular weights of 340, 102, 45 and 31 ku for reaction times of 10, 20, 30 and 60 min, respectively. The ratios of mannuronic acid (M) to guluronic acid (G) varied only slightly (from 1.3 to 1.2) for Na-ALG over the range of reaction times at 150 ℃, while ratios (M/G) for Ca-ALG exhibited a remarkable decrease (from 1.1 to 0.8). Diad sequence of alginate products obtained for Na-ALG were 17%, 23%, 27% and 31% (GG); 30%, 32%, 36% and 38% (MM); and 53%, 46%, 37% and 32% (GM+MG); while for Ca-ALG they were 18%, 22%, 24% and 33% (GG); 26%, 23%, 26% and 18% (MM); and 56%, 54%, 50% and 48% (GM+MG). Reaction mechanisms are proposed for hydrolysis of alginate solutions and alginate gels under hydrothermal conditions; de-polymerization of alginates into monomers and monomeric sequences can be controlled not only by hydrothermal conditions, but also by varying the physical state (solution, gel) of the starting materials.


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