Volume 4 Issue 3
Sep.  2019
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Synthesis and Application of UV-curable Phosphorous-Containing Acrylated Epoxidized Soybean Oil-based Resins

  • Corresponding author: Chengguo LIU, liuchengguo@icifp.cn ;  Yonghong ZHOU, zyh@icifp.cn
  • Received Date: 2019-01-20
    Accepted Date: 2019-03-19
    Fund Project:

    This research is supported by Fundamental Research Funds of CAF (No. CAFYBB2017QA017) and Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province (No. BK20161122).

  • A novel phosphorous-containing acrylated epoxidized soybean oil-based (P-AESO) resin was developed via the ring-opening reaction of epoxidized soybean oil (ESO) with diphenylphosphinic chloride (DPPC), followed by acrylation of the resulting groups. The chemical structure was characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), and 1H nuclear magnetic resonance (1H NMR). Subsequently, the viscosity and volumetric shrinkage of the obtained P-AESO resins were studied. Then the oligomer was formulated into UV-curable coatings, and the mechanical, thermal, and coating properties of the resulting UV-cured bioresins were studied by tensile testing, dynamic mechanical thermal analysis (DMA), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) coupled with FT-IR spectroscopy (TGA-FT-IR), hardness, adhesion, pencil hardness and chemical resistance. Furthermore, the UV-curing behavior of the P-AESO resin was determined by real-time realtime infrared (RT-IR). Meanwhile, compared with coating from acrylated epoxidized soybean oil (AESO), the P-AESO system coatings showed better volumetric shrinkage, excellent adhesion, and enhanced thermal and glass transition temperature (Tg) while maintaining reasonably final C=C conversions and cross-link density. For instance, the obtained P-AESO/trimethylolpropanetriacrylate (TMPTA) 20 material possessed a volumetric shrinkage of 4.1%, Tg of 115.6℃, char yield of 9.47%, and final C=C conversions of 81.4% respectively, which exhibited superior values than that of the AESO/TMPTA20 material. The improvement of the P-AESO coating performances could contribute to the architectures that combined the structural features of phosphorous-containing rigid benzene. The developed P-AESO resin is promising for applications in the UV-curable coatings.
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Synthesis and Application of UV-curable Phosphorous-Containing Acrylated Epoxidized Soybean Oil-based Resins

    Corresponding author: Chengguo LIU, liuchengguo@icifp.cn
    Corresponding author: Yonghong ZHOU, zyh@icifp.cn
  • 1 Institute of Chemical Industry of Forest Products, Chinese Academy of Forestry;Key Lab of Biomass Energy and Material, Jiangsu Province;National Engineering Lab for Biomass Chemical Utilization;Key Lab on Forest Chemical Engineering, State Forestry Administration;Nanjing 210042, China;
  • 2 Co-Innovationof Efficient Processing and Utilization of Forest Resources, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing 210037, China
Fund Project:  This research is supported by Fundamental Research Funds of CAF (No. CAFYBB2017QA017) and Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province (No. BK20161122).

Abstract: A novel phosphorous-containing acrylated epoxidized soybean oil-based (P-AESO) resin was developed via the ring-opening reaction of epoxidized soybean oil (ESO) with diphenylphosphinic chloride (DPPC), followed by acrylation of the resulting groups. The chemical structure was characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), and 1H nuclear magnetic resonance (1H NMR). Subsequently, the viscosity and volumetric shrinkage of the obtained P-AESO resins were studied. Then the oligomer was formulated into UV-curable coatings, and the mechanical, thermal, and coating properties of the resulting UV-cured bioresins were studied by tensile testing, dynamic mechanical thermal analysis (DMA), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) coupled with FT-IR spectroscopy (TGA-FT-IR), hardness, adhesion, pencil hardness and chemical resistance. Furthermore, the UV-curing behavior of the P-AESO resin was determined by real-time realtime infrared (RT-IR). Meanwhile, compared with coating from acrylated epoxidized soybean oil (AESO), the P-AESO system coatings showed better volumetric shrinkage, excellent adhesion, and enhanced thermal and glass transition temperature (Tg) while maintaining reasonably final C=C conversions and cross-link density. For instance, the obtained P-AESO/trimethylolpropanetriacrylate (TMPTA) 20 material possessed a volumetric shrinkage of 4.1%, Tg of 115.6℃, char yield of 9.47%, and final C=C conversions of 81.4% respectively, which exhibited superior values than that of the AESO/TMPTA20 material. The improvement of the P-AESO coating performances could contribute to the architectures that combined the structural features of phosphorous-containing rigid benzene. The developed P-AESO resin is promising for applications in the UV-curable coatings.

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