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Synthesis of Bio-base Plasticizer Using Waste Cooking Oil and Its Performance Testing in Soft Poly(vinyl chloride) Films

  • Corresponding author: Guodong FENG, fengguodong@163.com
  • Received Date: 2018-12-10
    Accepted Date: 2018-12-10
    Fund Project:

    The authors are grateful for the financial support from National Key R&D Program of China (No. 2018YFD-0600402), National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 31700503, 3167030790, 31470613), Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province, China (No. BK20170160).

  • Waste cooking oil was modified to prepare bio-base plasticizers (a, b and c) with terephthalic acid, adipic acid and benzoic acid by transesterification, epoxidation and ring opening reactions, respectively. The polyvinyl chloride (PVC) films (a/PVC, b/PVC and c/PVC) were prepared using a, b and c as bio-base plasticizers. The epoxidation and ring opening reactions were mainly investigated through GC-MS analysis. The structures of bio-base plasticizers (a, b and c) were confirmed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), 1H NMR and 13C NMR. The mechanical properties of a/PVC were as good as those of PVC films with the dioctyl phthalate (DOP) plasticizer. Meanwhile, the elongation at break of c/PVC reached 422%. The glass transition temperature (Tg) from dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA) was reduced to 30.6℃, 45.3℃, 23.6℃ and 40.6℃, respectively when 40 phr of a, b, c and DOP plasticizer were added. Results of thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) illustrated that the thermal degradation stabilitiy of a/PVC films was better than those of c/PVC and DOP/PVC. The volatility losses of a, b and c were lower than that of the DOP. Bio-base plasticizers a and c exhibited excellent migration resistance in different solutions (distilled water, 50% ethanol (w/w)). The FT-IR of PVC films showed that the downfield shifts of the -CH-Cl groups of the PVC plasticized with a and c were greater than that of b/PVC. The bio-base plasticizers b had a better plasticizing effect at low temperature.
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Synthesis of Bio-base Plasticizer Using Waste Cooking Oil and Its Performance Testing in Soft Poly(vinyl chloride) Films

    Corresponding author: Guodong FENG, fengguodong@163.com
  • 1 Institute of Chemical Industry of Forest Products, Chinese Academy of Forest, National Engineering Laboratory for Biomass Chemical Utilization, Key Laboratory of Biomass Energy and Material, Nanjing 210042, China;
  • 2 Jiangsu Qianglin Bio-Energy and Bio-Materials Limited Company, Liyang 213364, Jiangsu, China;
  • 3 Co-Innovation Center of Efficient Processing and Utilization of Forest Resource, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing 210037, China
Fund Project:  The authors are grateful for the financial support from National Key R&D Program of China (No. 2018YFD-0600402), National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 31700503, 3167030790, 31470613), Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province, China (No. BK20170160).

Abstract: Waste cooking oil was modified to prepare bio-base plasticizers (a, b and c) with terephthalic acid, adipic acid and benzoic acid by transesterification, epoxidation and ring opening reactions, respectively. The polyvinyl chloride (PVC) films (a/PVC, b/PVC and c/PVC) were prepared using a, b and c as bio-base plasticizers. The epoxidation and ring opening reactions were mainly investigated through GC-MS analysis. The structures of bio-base plasticizers (a, b and c) were confirmed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), 1H NMR and 13C NMR. The mechanical properties of a/PVC were as good as those of PVC films with the dioctyl phthalate (DOP) plasticizer. Meanwhile, the elongation at break of c/PVC reached 422%. The glass transition temperature (Tg) from dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA) was reduced to 30.6℃, 45.3℃, 23.6℃ and 40.6℃, respectively when 40 phr of a, b, c and DOP plasticizer were added. Results of thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) illustrated that the thermal degradation stabilitiy of a/PVC films was better than those of c/PVC and DOP/PVC. The volatility losses of a, b and c were lower than that of the DOP. Bio-base plasticizers a and c exhibited excellent migration resistance in different solutions (distilled water, 50% ethanol (w/w)). The FT-IR of PVC films showed that the downfield shifts of the -CH-Cl groups of the PVC plasticized with a and c were greater than that of b/PVC. The bio-base plasticizers b had a better plasticizing effect at low temperature.

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