Volume 4 Issue 2
Feb.  2019
Article Contents
Turn off MathJax

Citation:

Pulpwood Quality of the Second Generation Acacia auriculiformis

  • Corresponding author: M Sarwar JAHAN, sarwar2065@hotmail.com
  • Received Date: 2019-03-23
    Accepted Date: 2019-04-25
    Fund Project:

    The authors thank Bangladesh Council of Scientific & Industrial Research (BCSIR) for providing necessary fund to carry out this research.

  • The physical, chemical and fibre characteristics of the 6, 8 and 10 years old akashmoni (Acacia auriculiformis) wood from the second generation seed and their suitability for pulping were assessed and compared with the wood of 10 years old from the first generation seed. The A. auriculiformis of 8 years old had the highest α-cellulose and lower lignin than those of 6 and 10 years old, which are similar to the first generation wood. This study also evaluated the effect of cooking time, temperature and active alkali on kraft pulping. The most important influence factors for pulp yield and kappa number were active alkali charge and time. The highest screened rejects were observed for young tree. Delignification degree of the 1st generation was faster than that of the 2nd generation A. auriculiformis.
  • 加载中
  • [1]

    Fengel D, Wegener G, 1989. Wood, Chemistry, Ultrastructure, Reactions. New York:Walter de Gruyter Berlin, 150.
    [2]

    Griffin A R, Twayi H, Braunstein R, et al., 2014. A comparison of fibre and pulp properties of diploid and tetraploid Acacia mangium grown in Vietnam. Appita Journal, 67(1):43. DOI:10.1007/s10570-013-0129-7.
    [3]

    Hale J D, 1959. Physical and anatomical characteristics of hardwoods. Tappi Journal, 42(8):670-677.
    [4]

    Jahan M S, Chowdhury N, Ni Y H, 2010. Effect of different locations on the morphological, chemical, pulping and papermaking properties of Trema orientalis (Nalita). Bioresource Technology, 101(6):1892-1898. DOI:10.1016/j.biortech.2009.10.024.
    [5]

    Jahan M S, Haider M M, Rahman M, et al., 2011. Chemical pulping:evaluation of rubber wood (Hevea brasiliensis) as a raw material for kraft pulping. Nordic Pulp & Paper Research Journal, 26(3):258-262. DOI:10.3183/npprj-2011-26- 03-p258-262.
    [6]

    Jahan M S, Sabina R, Rubaiyat A, 2008. Alkaline pulping and bleaching of Acacia auriculiformis grown in Bangladesh. Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry, 32(4):339-347. DOI:10.1590/S0103-90162008000600016.
    [7]

    Jusoh I, Abu Zaharin F, Adam N S, 2013. Wood quality of Acacia hybrid and second-generation Acacia mangium. BioResources, 9(1):150-160. DOI:10.15376/biores.9.1.150- 160.
    [8]

    Khider T O, Omer S H, Elzaki O T, 2012. Pulping and totally chlorine free (TCF) bleaching of Acacia mellifera from Sudan. World Applied Sciences Journal, 16(9):1256-1261.
    [9]

    Khristova P, Kordsachia O, Daffalla S, 2004. Alkaline pulping of Acacia seyal. Tropical Science, 44(4):207-215. DOI:10.1002/ts.170.
    [10]

    Liew K C, Chong E W N, 2016. The relationship of pulp yield with ethanol pulping concentrations on Acacia hybrid. Journal of the Indian Academy of Wood Science, 13(1):44-47. DOI:10.1007/s13196-016-0164-8.
    [11]

    Lourenço A, Baptista I, Gominho J, et al., 2008. The influence of heartwood on the pulping properties of Acacia melanoxylon wood. Journal of Wood Science, 54(6):464-469. DOI:10.1007/s10086-008-0972-6.
    [12]

    Miyanishi T, Watanabe K, 2004. Kraft pulping of Acacia mangium. 2004 Tappi Pulping, Engineering and Environment Conference Proceedings.
    [13]

    Mun S P, Jahan M S, Al-Maruf A, et al., 2011. Chemical chara-cterization of six mangrove species in Bangladesh. Wood Science and Technology, 45(2):281-288. DOI:10.1007/s00226-010-0333-7.
    [14]

    Muneri A, 1997. Kraft pulping properties of Acacia mearnsii and Eucalyptus grandis grown in Zimbabwe. The Southern African Forestry Journal, 179(1):13-19. DOI:10.1080/10295925.1997.9631148.
    [15]

    Oluwafemi O A, 2007. Wood properties and selection for rotation length in Caribbean pine (Pinus caribaea Morelet) grown in Afaka, Nigeria. American-Eurasian Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Science, 2007, 2(4):359-363.
    [16]

    Ribeiro R A, Colodette J L, Vaz Júnior S, 2018. Effect of residual effective alkali on eucalyptus kraft pulp yield and chemistry. Cerne, 24(4):408-419. DOI:10.1590/010477602018-24042593.
    [17]

    Rosli W D W, Mazlan I, Law K N, 2009. Effects of kraft pulping variables on pulp and paper properties of Acacia mangium kraft pulp. Cellulose Chemistry and Technology, 2009, 43(1):9-15. DOI:10.1007/s00226-008-0200-y.
    [18]

    Santos A, Anjos O, Amaral M E, et al., 2012. Influence on pulping yield and pulp properties of wood density of Acacia melanoxylon. Journal of Wood Science, 58(6):479-486. DOI:10.1007/s10086-012-1286-2.
    [19]

    Xiong X D, Shi H Q, Cao N, et al, 2016. Application of comprehensive coordinate method to optimize kraft pulping process of acacia wood. Transactions of China Pulp and Paper, 31(1):1-6. DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1000-6842.2016.01. 001.
    [20]

    Xue G X, Zheng J W, Matsumoto Y, et al., 2001. Pulping and bleaching of plantation fast-growing acacias (Part 1). Japan Tappi Journal, 55(3):366-372, 020. DOI:10.2524/jtappij. 55.366.
    [21]

    Yamada N, Khoo K C, Yusoff M N M, 1991. Sulphate pulping characteristics of Acacia Hybrid, Acacia mangium and Acacia auriculiformis from Sabah. Journal of Tropical Forest Science, 1991, 4:206-214.
    [22]

    Zobel B J, van Buijtenen J P, 1989. Wood Variation and Wood Properties[M]//Zobel B J, van Buijtenen J P, eds. Wood Variation. Berlin, Heidelberg:Springer Berlin Heidelberg:1-32. DOI:10.1007/978-3-642-74069-5_1.
  • 加载中
通讯作者: 陈斌, bchen63@163.com
  • 1. 

    沈阳化工大学材料科学与工程学院 沈阳 110142

  1. 本站搜索
  2. 百度学术搜索
  3. 万方数据库搜索
  4. CNKI搜索

Figures(1)

Article Metrics

Article views(44) PDF downloads(12) Cited by()

Proportional views

Pulpwood Quality of the Second Generation Acacia auriculiformis

    Corresponding author: M Sarwar JAHAN, sarwar2065@hotmail.com
  • 1 Pulp and Paper Research Division, Bangladesh Council of Scientific & Industrial Research Laboratories, Dhaka 1205, Bangladesh;
  • 2 Department of Applied Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, University of Dhaka, Dhaka 1205, Bangladesh
Fund Project:  The authors thank Bangladesh Council of Scientific & Industrial Research (BCSIR) for providing necessary fund to carry out this research.

Abstract: The physical, chemical and fibre characteristics of the 6, 8 and 10 years old akashmoni (Acacia auriculiformis) wood from the second generation seed and their suitability for pulping were assessed and compared with the wood of 10 years old from the first generation seed. The A. auriculiformis of 8 years old had the highest α-cellulose and lower lignin than those of 6 and 10 years old, which are similar to the first generation wood. This study also evaluated the effect of cooking time, temperature and active alkali on kraft pulping. The most important influence factors for pulp yield and kappa number were active alkali charge and time. The highest screened rejects were observed for young tree. Delignification degree of the 1st generation was faster than that of the 2nd generation A. auriculiformis.

Reference (22)

Catalog

    /

    DownLoad:  Full-Size Img  PowerPoint
    Return
    Return