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A Review on Raw Materials, Commercial Production and Properties of Lyocell Fiber

  • Corresponding author: Xiaoya Jiang, e-mail addresses:xiaoya_jiang0794@163.com
  • Received Date: 2019-08-30
    Accepted Date: 2019-10-29
    Fund Project:

    This work was financially supported by National Key Research and Development Program of China (No. 2017YFB0308200 and No. 2017YFE0101500).

  • As one of the regenerated cellulosic fibers, viscose fiber has the largest output. However, the wastes produced in the manufacturing process are difficult to eliminate, which restricts the development of viscose fiber. Lyocell fiber is claimed as "green and eco-friendly fiber" with a good application prospect in the 21st century. The preparation of lyocell fiber is based on the cellulosic non-derivative solution system, i.e., N-methylmorpholine-N-oxide system which is nontoxic and recyclable. Firstly, the demands of dissolving pulp properties for regenerated-cellulosic fiber (RCF), especially for lyocell fiber, were introduced in detail. Next, the whole manufacturing processes including pretreatment, preparation of spinning dope, spinning, posttreatment and efficient solvent recovery technologies were reviewed emphatically. Then, the properties and structural characteristics of lyocell fiber were illustrated. At last, some suggestions were proposed for lyocell fiber development in China.
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A Review on Raw Materials, Commercial Production and Properties of Lyocell Fiber

    Corresponding author: Xiaoya Jiang, e-mail addresses:xiaoya_jiang0794@163.com
  • a China National Pulp and Paper Research Institute Co. Ltd., Beijing 100102, China;
  • b National Engineering Lab for Pulp and Paper, Beijing 100102, China
Fund Project:  This work was financially supported by National Key Research and Development Program of China (No. 2017YFB0308200 and No. 2017YFE0101500).

Abstract: As one of the regenerated cellulosic fibers, viscose fiber has the largest output. However, the wastes produced in the manufacturing process are difficult to eliminate, which restricts the development of viscose fiber. Lyocell fiber is claimed as "green and eco-friendly fiber" with a good application prospect in the 21st century. The preparation of lyocell fiber is based on the cellulosic non-derivative solution system, i.e., N-methylmorpholine-N-oxide system which is nontoxic and recyclable. Firstly, the demands of dissolving pulp properties for regenerated-cellulosic fiber (RCF), especially for lyocell fiber, were introduced in detail. Next, the whole manufacturing processes including pretreatment, preparation of spinning dope, spinning, posttreatment and efficient solvent recovery technologies were reviewed emphatically. Then, the properties and structural characteristics of lyocell fiber were illustrated. At last, some suggestions were proposed for lyocell fiber development in China.

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